The Ultimate Guide To Designing A Beautiful Backyard (plus 6 popular garden styles for inspiration)

Have you spent time drooling over the beautiful yards on sites like Pinterest or magazines like Fine Gardening or Garden Design?

Maybe you dream of having a magazine-worthy backyard haven but are daunted by how difficult it can be to create such a space. 

Here at Ebyland, we understand the struggle. That's why we wrote this article, which will help you answer the big landscaping questions you wrestle with, such as:

  1. What kind of plants, flowers, and shrubs look good together? 
  2. How can you create a cohesive landscape design, and avoid simply planting greenery in random pockets around the yard?
  3. Is creating a beautiful yard even possible without breaking the bank? 

Why waste another minute? Let’s dig in and get started!

Table of Contents

  • ICONS-01
    1. Seven Benefits Of
    Planting Trees And Other Plants
  • ICONS-02
    2. How To Design A Beautiful Backyard
  • ICONS-03
    3. Five Popular Garden Styles For Inspiration

Benefits Of Planting Trees And Other Plants

Is investing in trees, shrubs, flowers, and other greenery worthwhile? Or is that money you are spending on plants all wasted?  

The answer: it’s definitely a good investment. 

But why? 

Let’s take a look! 

1 - Increased Property Value

Mature trees and other plants are proven to increase property value. 

In fact, a well-landscaped home has a significant price increase over a home with no landscaping. This advantage ranges from a 5.5%-12.7%  increase in value depending on the type of landscaping.  

A landscaped yard adds resale value to a home

Wondering what that might look like in real life? 

A 12% increase on a $200,000 home is $24,000. Not bad, right? 

2 - Added Beauty

The thing that most homeowners are going for when they add plants to their properties is to create some beauty. 

And there’s no doubt about it - nature’s beauty is astounding!

Maybe that’s why a quick Google search on “the world’s most beautiful things” primarily results in different places in nature.   

Whether it’s the majesty of a tree, the delicate beauty of a flower, or the stately form added by a shrub, plants are guaranteed to make your property more beautiful. 

3 - Mental Health Benefits

Did you ever wonder why cities plant trees along sidewalks, avenues, and parks? 

It’s because trees boost our mental health. In fact, the health benefits from trees extend far beyond that. Trees also offer: 

  • A boost to immune systems
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Reduced stress
  • An increase in energy
  • The ability to sleep better
  • increased focus

There’s a good chance you’ve experienced some of these things firsthand. It’s why we want to escape to nature when we are feeling sad, or why a stroll through the woods makes us feel so alive. 

Whatever the case, it makes sense to surround yourself with trees and other plants! 

4 - Increased Privacy

Privacy is a big deal—especially if you live in an urban setting surrounded by other homes. 

And here’s the thing: 

A fence can provide privacy, but it also acts as separation and a signal of hostility. In short, it’s not very neighborly. 

On the other hand, a row of trees or shrubs acts as a friendlier barrier and benefits both yards with added beauty. 

Plants are a good way to make your backyard more private

5 - Birds And Wildlife

If you enjoy nature, especially birdwatching, then plants are a great resource for your backyard. Birds and other small wildlife are attracted to plants in almost any environment.

And here’s the sad truth: 

Bird numbers have been declining for years. Grassland birds have seen a 53% decrease, and forest species have experienced a 33% decrease in the past number of years. 

Why? 

Mainly because their habitat is being destroyed - by humans. 

So do your part in protecting these cheery companions by planting various types of plants on your property. Plus, some birds, squirrels, and other critters will make your yard so much more interesting!  

6 - Erosion Control

The effects of soil erosion go beyond the loss of fertile land. Erosion also leads to pollution and sedimentation in streams and rivers, clogging these waterways and causing a decline in fish and other species. 

Also, degraded lands are less able to hold onto water, which can worsen flooding in that area. 

Plants prevent erosion by reducing runoff and holding soil particles in place with their roots. 

That’s why planting seeds is important, especially on sloping areas or hillsides. 

plants prevent erosion

7 - Environmental benefits

It’s no secret that today’s pollution and waste is hurting our environment

Humans should be trying to improve the earth, not hurt it. One tree in your backyard may not seem like a huge difference, but growing plants is one of the best ways you can improve the earth. And if everyone does a little, we can accomplish big things!  

Here’s just a beginning list of ways plants help us and the environment

  • Plants produce oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide. This maintains the atmosphere - which is absolutely critical to our survival. 
  • Plants feed us.
  • Plants regulate and stabilize the water cycle by releasing moisture into the air.
  • Plants improve soil stability - preventing landslides and floods.
  • Plants reduce energy costs by providing shade.

It’s clear that growing plants on your property is an extremely good idea. If you aren’t sure how to plant something, you might want to read our blog: How To Plant A Tree Or Shrub - The Ultimate Guide

In the meantime, let’s get on to how you can make all the plants on your property look amazing! 

How plants benefit humans

How To Design A Beautiful Backyard

Everyone wants a beautifully landscaped yard and garden, but most people don't want to spend the money it would take to hire a landscape designer. 

That’s why we’ve compiled these simple tips that you can put to work in your yard, flowerbed, or garden to create a phenomenal panorama. 

Understanding Garden Styles

The very first thing you have to do when planning your landscape design is know what kind of garden you want. 

The definition of a garden is “A planned space set aside for the display, cultivation, or enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature.” 

In other words, when we say “choose a garden style,” we are saying you need to choose what style of landscape you want. 

determine your backyard style

Traditionally there are two styles of gardens: 

  1. Formal Gardens 
  2. Informal Gardens

Formal gardens use distinct geometric shapes for their layout; circles, rectangles, triangles, or long straight lines. Plant spacing, color, and layout are all exact and precise. 

Most people think of old estates when they think of formal gardens, but you can easily make a formal garden right in your backyard.  

Need some inspiration? Here are a few formal garden ideas

Informal gardens tend to use curves and free-flowing forms. The color combinations are more relaxed, and varying plant heights will mingle together.

Think of a country cottage or wildflower meadow. It's a bit more bushy and natural looking. 

Most home landscape designs tend to follow the informal garden blueprint - and that’s ok. In fact, informal gardens are much easier to design, so if you’re a beginner, we definitely recommend starting with an informal style of landscape. 

Note: Whether your gardens are formal or informal, they'll benefit from mulch, which is why we wrote a guide to mulch that will tell you everything you need to know about this gardening supply.

formal garden vs informal garden

Understanding Flower Bed Styles 

Once you know what kind of garden or yard you want, you can start planning specific flower beds. 

Flower beds are also split into two distinct styles: 

  1. Border Flower Beds
  2. Island Flower Beds

Border flower beds are true to their name. They are defined and anchored by a backdrop—something like a porch, fence, or hedgerow. They border the backdrop. 

These flower beds are most often long and narrow. Just remember that the width of a border flower bed should increase proportionately with its length. For example, a bed that is eight feet long might be 3 feet wide - but a bed that is 100 feet long should be at least twelve feet wide. 

If you’re just beginning to landscape your home, we suggest beginning with border flower beds. They usually fit in natural spaces and it's easy to visualize them. Once you’ve completed your border beds, you can move on to the island flower beds. 

When you are planning and implementing your border flower beds, remember these tips:

  1. Keep tall plants in the back, medium-sized plants in the middle, and short plants in the front of the bed. 
  2. If you are planting by a house, be sure not to block windows with tall plants. 
  3. Group the plants in numbers of 3-4 for a natural feel.
  4. Plant your flowers or shrubs in bunches - not in a row. 
  5. Plants several kinds of one shrub or flower together for more of a visual impact. One type of plant by itself tends to look sparse. This also creates some nice contrast in your flower bed. 
designing the perfect flower bed

Island flower beds are not anchored by a backdrop and can be seen from all sides. 

These flower beds are rarely long and skinny - rather, they are usually square, round, or amorphous in shape. 

Island flower beds can be difficult to visualize and properly size since they stand by themselves, so give yourself some experience with border beds before tackling them. Once you’ve worked with your property for a while, you will start to get more and more ideas for island beds and where you could place them. 

When you do start planting island flower beds, keep these tips in mind: 

  1. Choose an anchor point for the bed - this could be a tall or showy shrub or something like a bench or birdbath. 
  2. Plant the tallest plants in the middle of the bed and plant short plants toward the edge of the bed
  3. Like border beds, plant several flowers together in one group for a full, lush look. 
  4. Use several types of flowering plants like long-living perennials, short-term (but long-blooming) annuals, seasonal bulbs, and ornamental grasses.

Most well-designed yards include both border and island flower beds. However, you may have to choose one or the other if you are limited by space. 

If you’re not sure what you want, start with a border flower bed. Island flower beds can easily seem out of place or like they are “floating” - especially in yards that don’t have much landscaping. You don't want one lonely flower bed right out in the middle of your yard! 

border flower beds vs island flower beds

Creating Your Flower Beds

Ok, you’ve chosen which style of landscaping you want and thought about implementing both border and island flower beds. 

Now, it’s time to get outside and get our hands dirty. 

But don’t start digging too soon! 

Before you break the sod, you have some planning to do. 

  1. Head outside and decide where you want your flower beds. Here are some things to consider: 
    1. How much sun and shade does the area receive?  
    2. Are the beds at a place where you will be able to see and enjoy them? 
    3. Will the beds affect other activities on your property?
  2. Now it’s time to determine the size and shape of your beds. Use a rope or garden hose to visualize exactly what shape and size the flower beds will take.
  3. Choose a focal point for each bed or portion of lawn. This could be a boxwood shrub in each corner of a flower bed or a tall, flowering plant in the middle. 

Now, all you have to do is find the right plants to fill in your beds and yard! 

Buying The Right Plants

Your best-laid plans fall apart when you don’t buy the right plants for your property.

buying the right plants is critical in designing a beautiful landscape

So, how can you make sure you are buying the right plants? 

Here are a few pointers to get you started. 

First, you need to make sure you know what type of soil you are working with. We recommend doing a soil test. Just dig several holes about a foot deep, and collect several tablespoons of soil from the holes. 

You can send the soil to a testing lab or test it yourself with a soil test kit

If your soil is deficient, you may need to help it out. We suggest adding organic matter like mulch and compost, worm castings or manure as the best way to make your soil more loam-like and improve its structure.  

You also need to understand the frost cycle of your geographic area - otherwise, early and late frosts will kill your plants.  

A good resource to check out is a plant hardiness map. Each area of the United States is given a “hardiness zone,” and each plant is given a recommendation for which zones it can be planted in. 

Then, it's as simple as making sure the plant you want to purchase can be grown in your hardiness zone.  

Finally, make sure you are buying quality plants. We recommend buying from a trusted plant nursery where you’ll be sure to receive quality plants that are already strong and robust.  

Once you finally have the right plants in hand, it’s time to head outside and start transforming your property! 

Add Variety With Garden Accessories And Other Landscape Materials 

Any well-designed landscape is much more than a few flower beds. 

You should make sure to include larger plants like trees or tall shrubs on your property. These give your landscape a lot of interest and a natural focal point for designing island flower beds. 

And while plants should make up most of your garden, don’t forget about complimentary hardscapes that can take your property to the next level. 

incorporate hardscapes into your backyard design

For example, landscape pavers can be used to create a whimsical path that begs to be explored or a patio that invites a serene evening of relaxation. 

If you’re interested in incorporating hardscapes into your landscape, you may want to read our blog: Choosing The Best Hardscape Materials For Your Backyard (with pictures for inspiration)

Consider adding some smaller landscaping pieces to your scene as well.

For example, some quality outdoor furniture can add a touch of elegance and an intimate place to have a conversation in your backyard. Or, add a few natural boulders to make an outcropping. Creative touches like this spice up a landscape design. 

Your creativity is the only limit when it comes to adding creative touches to your landscape. Do you need some help coming up with good ideas?  Here are some creative garden ideas.

Popular Garden Styles

Planning a perfectly unique landscape is a lot of fun! But sometimes, it’s ok to borrow ideas from other people. Sometimes, it’s nice to point to a picture and say, “I want my yard to look like that!” 

That’s why it’s important to familiarize yourself with some popular garden styles that you may want to emulate. 

Here are a few to get you started:

Tropical Garden

Tropical Garden

Experience those 'away on vacation' vibes every day by creating a luxurious tropical escape in your own backyard.

A combination of large leafy plants and sculptural lower-level plantings like agave will have you nailing the look in no time!

Cottage Garden

cottage garden

Cottage gardens are typically small, casually informal, residential properties that ignore conventional landscape tenets. Instead of spacious lawns and prim foundation plantings, there are lavishly planted flower gardens accented with rugged, native plants.

As such, they are the antithesis of ornamental manicured estate gardens.

You'll find no mazes or created lakes here. Instead, you'll find densely planted flowers, climbing roses, and the fragrance of lavender in the air. You might even find some edible plants to put away for winter! 

Add an herb garden, vegetable patch, and a fruit tree, and you've got all the underpinnings of a charming cottage garden.

Woodland Garden

woodland garden

Woodland gardens take years to create from scratch, as the essential ingredient is a canopy of leaves provided by tall deciduous trees.

Of course, if you live on the edge of a wood, or better yet, have a wooded lot of your own, you already have the makings of a natural woodland garden

Because woodland gardens are generally based around trees, they are typically shady and rely primarily on shade-loving plants.

And the dappled light that filters through and gently warms the space? It doesn’t get much better than that. 

Japanese Garden

Japanese garden

While all gardens are meant to be relaxing, Japanese gardens are at the top of the stack in this regard. 

Water is found in many forms in Japanese Gardens - accumulating in ponds, running in streams, or tumbling down a cascade.  

Stones are also important in the gardens giving them personality and anchoring the many water features.

Contemporary Minimal Garden

contemporary minimalist garden

A contemporary garden relies upon simple, clean lines to create a sleek but unique look. 

The trick to nailing a contemporary minimal garden is to focus on foliage and texture rather than masses of striking flowers. Plants are positioned to complement and echo the architectural features of the home, rather than be the hero in their own right.

Conclusion

Creating the landscape of your dreams is accessible. You truly can do it! 

With lots of planning and a commitment to taking care of your property, you will have guests oohing and aahing over your exquisite space. 

Beyond that, you’ll have a private oasis that you can enjoy every single day. 

If you’re planning your landscape design and are looking for high-quality plants in Cumberland, MD, or the surrounding area, then visit the plant nursery at Ebyland. 

As a landscape and outdoor living supplier, we also offer products like landscape lighting and landscape supplies like compost, decorative stone, garden soil, and mulch.    

Other materials we carry include:

We’re proud to offer years of experience and top-notch customer service. In fact, it’s our goal to make working with us incredibly easy. All you have to do is: 

  1. Choose your products
  2. Pick up your products at our store or have them delivered to your home
  3. Enjoy your gorgeous property! 

Contact us or visit our store today. We look forward to hearing from you!  

buy high quality plants from ebyland